People in Korea and around the world see rapid urbanization, increase of population in cities, unbalanced industrial development, mass production, runaway consumption culture, global warming, fear of blackout and electrical rates, increase of energy poverty, building fires, rapid increase of catastrophes, water leakage in houses, as well as condensation and unhygienic environment. These are being highlighted as economic, social, and health issues.
With regard to these common global issues, there was a resultant opinion for a need to establish common sustainable development goals(SDG) for the global community as a follow-up measure of the RIO+20 Summit Talk(June, 2012). In order to initiate relevant subsequent agreements, about 70 countries, including Korea, from 5 individual regions will participate and progress discussions on individual themes. Then, they will agree on documentation and subsequently adopt a final report in September 2014.
Of the 16 focus areas of the sustainable development goals(SDG), the sections related to energy(7), sustainable city and human residence(10), and sustainable consumption and production(11) directly and indirectly suggest that we should reestablish a new paradigm for our architecture and cities.
Thus, it is required to shed light - as a philosophical background for us living in the 21st century - on the concept of zero energy housing and cities that can reflect the Korean climate, minimize the emission of carbon dioxide, and give comfort to a living space.